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West Virginia Office of
Emergency Medical Services

350 Capitol Street
Room 425
Charleston, WV 25301

Toll Free: 1-888--747-8367
OEMS Phone: (304) 558-3956
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Trauma Phone: (304) 290-9307
Trauma Fax: (304) 558-8379

Interfacility Transports

While the information contained in this news article was current and accurate when we posted it, it may not necessarily represent current WVOEMS policy or procedure. If you have any questions, please contact our office at 304-558-3956.

Posted: Wednesday, August 19, 2009 11:14 AM

For several years, the West Virginia EMS System has been striving to develop a statewide interfacility transport program that addressed the needs of the state's hospitals. Thanks to the hard work of many of the state's EMS providers, medical directors, and hospitals, the goal of a standardized, statewide program has been realized. This program addresses the transport of the critically ill, as well as the routine movement of patients from one facility to another. The goal of this memo is to explain the program, its components, and the capabilities of those components.

The first level of transport available is the Critical Care Transport or CCT. This level of service is provided by both the state's aeromedical providers and several of the state's ground EMS agencies. The providers employed by these agencies have undergone an extensive training program developed to specifically address the needs of West Virginia. This level of care is intended for those patients who require in-depth care and monitoring that exceeds that normally available from EMS agencies. CCT is further classified into two (2) levels of care - depending upon the crew configuration. A Class 1 (One) CCT crew consists of an emergency vehicle operator, a CCT-trained paramedic, and a CCT-trained RN. A Class 2 (Two) CCT crew is made up of an emergency vehicle operator and two (2) CCT-trained paramedics. As explained later in this memo, the makeup of the crew will determine what medications, procedures, and monitoring the crew is permitted to perform.

The second level of transport available has been labeled Class 3 Interfacility Transport or C3IFT. This level of care is intended for the transport of patients whose acuity or criticality does not require the level of expertise possessed by the CCT-level provider but exceeds the normal scope of practice for field EMS providers. The individuals allowed to perform this level of transport have completed training which prepares them to deal with medications and procedures not normally seen during their day-to-day provision of EMS.

The third level of transport will be known as Class 4 transports. These transports are those transports which involve medications or procedures normally utilized by EMS field paramedics.

Of course, the implementation of this program has no effect on transporting basic life support patients who do not require any medications or monitoring (other than basic vitals) during transport. The other exception to the program is known as Class 0 transports which are those transports where the transferring facility elects to maintain medical responsibility for the patient during the transport and sends appropriate staff (physician or qualified registered nurse) with the patient to provide all necessary care and monitoring during the transport. The EMS system then provides the vehicle, an emergency vehicle operator, and one (1) certified EMS provider of any level.

The attached chart has been developed to assist you in determining which medications or procedures may be administered, readministered, or monitored by the various classes of EMS providers. Items marked "1" or "2" must be managed by an appropriately staffed CCT crew as explained above. Items marked "3" can be transported by a paramedic who has completed the C3IFT training described above and those items marked "4" can be transported by a field paramedic. An ESMA-Intermediate and an EMT can also be used to transport patients requiring items which are marked with a "5" and "6" respectively. Medications and procedures not listed on this chart are not permitted to be transported except as a Class 0 Transport as outlined above. EMS providers transporting medications and/or procedures beyond their approved level of care will be considered to be practicing beyond their scope of practice and face disciplinary actions against their certifications.

I would encourage you to discuss with your area agencies the level of interfacility transports they are capable of providing before the need arises. Requesting an agency to perform a transport they are not capable of providing only delays the transportation of the patient. I can provide you a list of agencies who are licensed to provide CCT transportation as well as a list of those who indicated they have C3IFT-trained staff available.

Please take a few minutes to review the attached chart and discuss it and the program with your staff. Additional copies of the chart are available upon request. If I can be of any assistance or if you have any questions, please feel free to contact me.

The program described in this memo takes effect at 12:01 AM, September 1, 2009. Thank you for your assistance with the implementation of this program and its components.

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